Powhatan Civil War Round Table
Powhatan Civil War Round Table
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Powhatan Civil War Round Table
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DISPATCHES FROM THE POWHATAN CIVIL WAR ROUNDTABLE NEWSLETTER

FEBRUARY 2019

PHILLIP GREENWALT - "IF THIS VALLEY IS LOST" THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY CAMPAIGN OF 1864
Sweep the Shenandoah Valley “clean and clear,” Union General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant ordered in the late summer of 1864.

His man for the job: Maj. Gen. “Little Phil” Sheridan, the bandy-legged Irishman who’d proven himself just the kind of scrapper Grant loved. Grant turned Sheridan loose across Virginia’s most vital landscape, the breadbasket of the Confederacy.

This month, we welcome author and National Park Historian Phillip Greenwalt, co-author of Bloody Autumn: The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864.

Our speaker is a full-time contributor to Emerging Civil War, a public history-oriented platform for sharing original scholarship related to the American Civil War. He is also the co-founder of Emerging Revolutionary War (www.emergingrevolutionarywar.org).

Phill is currently a Supervisory National Park Ranger of the Shark Valley District of Interpretation and Visitor Services of Everglades National Park. Prior to his current position, Phill spent seven years as a historian with the National Park Service at George Washington Birthplace National Monument, and Thomas Stone National Historic Site. He started with the National Park Service as a historical interpreter intern at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. He has also had the honor to be on official details for the Sesquicentennial of the surrender at Appomattox Court House, and the Bicentennial of the Battle of Fort McHenry and the writing of the Star-Spangled Banner.

In addition to Bloody Autumn, our speaker is also the co-author with Daniel Davis of, Hurricane from the Heavens: The Battle of Cold Harbor, and Calamity in Carolina: The Battles of Averasboro and Bentonville. With Rob Orrison, he is currently working on the first book in the new Emerging Revolutionary War Series, due out next year.

Phill graduated from George Mason University with a M.A. in American History and also has a B.A. in history from Wheeling Jesuit University.

Join us on February 21st at the County Seat!

NEXT MONTH
Thursday, March 21, 2019, John V. Quarstein presenting on the H.L. Hunley.

MENU OPTIONS
The County Seat offers our members and guests a main course, or the soup and salad bar. Please specify your dining preference when you submit your pre-paid reservation, which is due the Tuesday prior to each meeting. This month’s main course is roast pork, saffron rice, tossed salad, veggie, and dessert. Reservations must be received by February 19th.

PCWRT VOLUNTEER OPPORTUNITIES
If you have an interest in becoming more involved with the PCWRT, or have a special skill to offer, why not consider volunteering? New ideas and new people are the life-blood of any organization, and the PCWRT is no different. We need new volunteers with new ideas to move forward into our second decade. To get involved, please see one of our Leadership Committee members at our next meeting.

REMINDER: 2019 ANNUAL MEMBERSHIP DUES
Your Membership Dues for 2019 will soon be due. Again, with no increase in price to PCWRT Membership, we hope you will encourage friends and neighbors to also join. All dues must be received by March 31, 2019 to insure continuation of your membership

? Individual Membership - $25.00
? Family Membership - $35.00
Membership includes 12 newsletters per year and entitles you to membership rates at our monthly dinner meetings.

LOCAL EVENTS
Pamplin Park Valentine Tea
February 9 @ 2:00 pm - 3:30 pm
At Pamplin Historical Park’s Valentine Tea ladies and gentlemen in period dress will teach guests 19th-century etiquette while they enjoy gourmet tea and snacks. Attendees will also learn about the significance of flowers and how to create the perfect bouquet.
Park Members $20, Non-Park Members $24

History Happy Hour RVA: Freedom's First Generation
Program Date: Monday, February 11, 2019 - 6:30pm
Location: Triple Crossing Brewery - Fulton, 5203 Hatcher Street, Richmond VA 23231
Discover the stories of African Americans, who were the first of their generation to experience freedom after the Civil War and emancipation. Find out what the research at East End and Evergreen cemeteries has revealed.
Speakers: Brian and Erin Palmer, Friends of East End Cemetery
Cost: Free

Book Talk: "September Morn the Dunker Church of Antietam Battlefield"
Program Date: Saturday, February 23, 2019 - 1:00pm
Location: White House of the Confederacy
Heavily damaged during the battle of Antietam, the Dunker Church served as a hospital after the battle and later suffered collapse before being rebuilt. Discover how the history of this church is interwoven with that of Stonewall Jackson, Clara Barton, Abraham Lincoln, and even Mark Twain. With author Terry Barkley. Terry Barkley served as archivist and museum curator at Bridgewater College in Virginia, a Brethren-related institution and holds degrees and a graduate certificate from the University of North Alabama, The Citadel, University of Alabama, and Harvard University. He retired in 2012 as director of the Brethren Historical Library and Archives (BHLA) at the Church of the Brethren General Offices in Elgin, Illinois. That same year he delivered the 150th anniversary commemorative lecture on the Dunker Church of Antietam Battlefield at the Annual Conference of the Church of the Brethren in St. Louis. Terry has also lectured in the Dunker Church at Antietam National Battlefield. He is an independent scholar and musician and lives in Lexington, Virginia. This is his fourth book.
Cost: Free

AMERICAN CIVIL WAR MUSEUM 2019 SYMPOSIUM
Program Date: Saturday, March 2, 2019 - 9:30am
Location: Library of Virginia
The 2019 Symposium will share with attendees some of the ideas and insights that have informed the planning of the American Civil War Museum’s new flagship exhibition, “A People’s Contest: Struggles for Nation and Freedom in Civil War America.” The symposium will feature the historian advisers who helped shape the exhibit lecturing on the importance of military history, of African Americans, and of Southern Unionists, and fundamental questions of causation and “contingency” in the Civil War.

In addition to the historian advisers, the symposium will feature a keynote address by Jon Meacham, the Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer of Thomas Jefferson, George H. W. Bush, and most recently, author of The Soul of America: The Battle for Our Better Angels. The symposium will be held at the Library of Virginia (800 E. Broad St., Richmond, Virginia, 23219) on Saturday, March 2, from 9:30 a.m. – 4:00 pm.

Other speakers include:
• Dr. Edward Ayers is Tucker-Boatwright Professor of History and President Emeritus, University of Richmond, and president of the Museum’s Board of Trustees.
• Dr. Cassandra Newby-Alexander is Professor of History and Dean of the College of Liberal Arts at Norfolk State University and formerly director of the Joseph Jenkins Roberts Center for African Diaspora Studies.
• Dr. Paul Quigley is James I. Robertson, Jr., Associate Professor in Civil War Studies at Virginia Tech and director of the Center of the Virginia Center for Civil War Studies.
• Dr. Kathryn Shively is Associate Professor of History at Virginia Commonwealth University.
• Dr. Elizabeth Varon is Langbourne Williams Professor of American History at the University of Virginia and associate director of the John L. Nau III Center for Civil War History.
Cost: $65; $40 for ACWM members; $20 for students Make A Reservation

THIS MONTH IN THE CIVIL WAR 1865 - Courtesy History Learning Site
February 1, 1865 - Illinois became the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment.

Sherman continued his advance through South Carolina.

February 3, 1865 - Lincoln met the three Confederate representatives (Stephens, Turner and Campbell) on the ‘River Queen’ in Hampton Roads. Lincoln rejected their peace plan based on an independent South. He told them bluntly that America was one nation and one nation only. Lincoln insisted that the Union had to be restored before anything else was discussed.

February 5, 1865 - Union troops made further inroads into Confederate defenses around Petersburg. If Petersburg fell, Richmond would be the next target. Therefore Petersburg had major significance for both sides in the war. Desertion was a major issue in the Confederate Army and the main cause of desertion was lack of food. Lee’s request for more food for the Army of Northern Virginia was met with silence in Richmond. This was more because they had no way of addressing Lee’s request more than indifference to the suffering of the soldiers.

February 7, 1865 - Lee’s men drove back Union troops at Boydton Plank Road but by now he only had 46,000 men to defend 37 miles of trenches – about 1200 men per mile.

February 8, 1865 - Sherman’s men continued their policy of destroying empty buildings as they advanced through South Carolina. This resulted in the Confederate general, Wheeler, complaining to Sherman that accommodation was being destroyed. However, Sherman had given orders that no building that was occupied should be destroyed but unoccupied ones should be.

February 9, 1865 - Jefferson Davis offered an amnesty to anyone who deserted the Confederate Army as long as they returned to their regiment within 30 days.

February 11, 1865 - Sherman cut off Augusta from Charleston by cutting the Augusta-Georgia railway. One of the Confederate’s few remaining armies was based in Charleston and it was in danger of being surrounded.

February 14, 1865 - Jefferson Davis urged the defenders of Charleston to hold until the last possible moment.

February 15, 1865 - Sherman’s army approached Columbia.

February 16, 1865 - Sherman’s troops arrived on the south bank of Columbia and the city was evacuated. Charleston prepared to evacuate.

February 17, 1865 - Columbia was occupied by Sherman’s troops. Most of the city was burned to the ground. Some said the fires were started by retreating Confederate cavalry units but most accept it was men from Sherman’s army. Men from Sherman’s army were actively pursued by Sherman’s provost guard, which would seem to indicate their guilt. Sherman later refused to express his sorrow for the destruction of Columbia. Charleston was also evacuated.

February 18, 1865 - Charleston surrendered.

February 20, 1865 - The Confederate House of Representatives passed a bill authorizing the use of slaves as soldiers.

Wilmington, the last port that the Confederates possessed, was bombarded by Union forces.

February 21, 1865 - A sign of the divided opinion within the Confederacy: the Senate postponed a debate on whether the Confederacy should use slaves as soldiers.

The defenders of Wilmington prepared to evacuate the port.

February 22, 1865 - Union troops entered Wilmington.

February 27, 1865 - Union troops started a major move up the Shenandoah Valley. 10,000 Union cavalry advanced against severely depleted Confederate units.

February 28, 1865 - One of the Union cavalry divisions in the Shenandoah Valley was commanded by George Armstrong Custer.
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